Investors will be focused on the Federal Reserve this week and we expect that it will finally announce an overdue tapering of quantitative easing. In addition, we expect Chairman Jerome Powell to make it clear in the press conference that he expects tapering to be completed by mid 2022.
Inflation is clearly a problem. The CPI (consumer inflation) is up 5.4% from a year ago. When October data arrives the year-ago comparison will likely be 5.7%, the largest increase since the early 1990s. Some of this is “transitory,” but not all of it, not by a long shot. Housing rents were held down artificially until early September, due to limits on evictions. Once nationwide eviction limits ended, rents escalated in September and we expect more of the same for the foreseeable future. That’s important because rents make up more than 30% of the CPI.
Given the likely pace of inflation in October, the “real” federal funds rate (the funds rate adjusted by inflation) is running at about -5.6%. That’s a record low, even more deeply negative than the -5.0% in early 1975 and -4.8% in mid-1980, both of which were at the end of recessions, not almost a year and a half into a recovery, like we are right now.
In other words, the current economic environment doesn’t just warrant tapering, but rate hikes. Unfortunately, rate hikes aren’t happening anytime soon. We wouldn’t be surprised by just one rate hike at the very end of 2022, but the start of a hiking cycle could also be postponed until 2023.
First, the Fed is very unlikely to raise rates until after it’s done tapering, so that alone delays hikes until at least mid2022. Second, we think the Fed will be reluctant to start hiking a few months before the mid-term elections. And third, personnel changes at the Fed will likely give the Fed a more dovish tilt in 2022. There’s already a vacancy on the Fed Board, two openings to fill for bank presidents in Dallas and Boston, and we think Trump-appointees Richard Clarida and Randy Quarles will be gone by mid-2022, due to the expiration of their terms as Vice Chairman and Vice Chair for Supervision, respectively.
The problem with monetary policy is that the M2 measure of money is up 36% since February 2020, versus a trend of about 6% annualized pre-COVID. That surge in M2(printing money) is like a cow that’s been eaten by a snake…gradually moving through. As long as the Fed doesn’t regurgitate the extra money, the cow isn’t going away, which, in this case, means a devaluation of money relative to goods and services. That doesn’t mean higher inflation forever, but it does mean a prolonged period of higher inflation until the extra M2 is fully digested by the economy.
I am encouraged that the Congress is having a difficult time passing the spending bills as this too is inflationary. Despite the claim that it is paid for, I have no doubt we, as taxpayers, would see our taxes go up. Also the proposal to give illegal immigrants $450,000 each is again another spending bill that not only is unfair to those struggling citizens but another inflationary move. The current election gives us some hope that the insanity is on it’s way out and that sound economic planning is in sight.
According to FactSet Research, as of Friday last week we have received results from about 56 percent of the S&P 500 component companies. Of the 56 percent that have reported results, 82 percent of the companies have beaten earnings expectations while 4 percent have met expectations and 14 percent have fallen short. The percentage of companies beating earnings expectations decreased by 2 percent last week when compared to the previous week.
The overall blended earnings growth rate for the S&P 500 currently stands at 36.6 percent, significantly better than the expected earnings growth rate of 27.4 which was the number at the end of September. When looking at revenue expectations, 75 percent of the companies that have reported have beat expectations while 25 percent have fallen short.
Earnings moves markets, not politics or press clippings. Thank goodness!
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